Category Archives: SSH

All about SSH

How to use an SSH connection as a SOCKS proxy this article I will describe how to use an SSH connection as a SOCKS proxy. This basically means that you can route the network traffic of any application or even your entire systems traffic through an SSH connection.
Read the rest of this entry

How to login to ssh using public key authentication

First you have to create a public, private key pair. For this you can use the command-line tool sshkey-gen.

Change the directory to “~/.ssh” (create it, if it does not exist).
cd ~/.ssh

Create key pair
Now let’s create the key pair. In this example I will use RSA with 4096 Bit
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096

Enter a passphrase if you want but you don’t have to. I recommend to enter a passphrase.

Transfer public key to ssh server
To transfer the public key to the ssh server you can use ssh-copy-id.
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/ HOST

Login with key
Now you should be able to login with the created key.

How to manage ssh host keys

Linux saves the ssh host keys in ~/.ssh/known_hosts. You can manage these ssh host keys with the command ssh-keygen.

Search for a specific host (in known_hosts):
ssh-keygen -F HOSTNAME

Remove a specific host:
ssh-keygen -R HOSTNAME

To add a new ssh host key you can use ssh-keyscan. This command print the ssh host key on the stdout. So we have to append this key to the known_hosts file.
ssh-keyscan -H HOSTNAME >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts